Students in upper primary work on developing an understanding about the power of language. They learn how language does not just give information, but creates expectation, emotional responses, establishes cultural and temporal expectations and boundaries and can position the reader to favour a particular point of view.This learning occurs in a gradual way. 

At Level 4 students learn about the features of language and compare and contrast the effect these have. At Level 5, they use text to infer the cultural, temporal or philosophical background of the author. At Level 6, they focus on recognising how authors have used elements of many different text types and strategies to create the effects they want to influence readers.The shift in topic material is also engineered to increase in complexity. 

At level 4 students work on more sophisticated decoding strategies and deeper understanding of texts about topics for which they have some experience. They learn to infer information that is not explicitly stated. They continue to work on these skills for less and less familiar topics over the course of upper primary.

Author: Joan Hofmann

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